Novel coronavirus, a member of the family Coronaviridae, is named so because of spikes on the outer surface of the virus. These are 65 to 125 nm in diameter, posses single-stranded genomic RNA material, and have 26 to 32 kbp genomic size. The disease caused by the novel coronavirus, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is a highly communicable and pathogenic viral … [Read more...] about What is COVID-19? How can we win against it?
Hantaviruses are members of the order Bunyavirales and family Hantaviridae. These are tri-segmented, enveloped, and negative-sense RNA viruses that contain spike glycoproteins Gn and Gc. Small genome segment (S) is 1.8-2.1 kb, medium segment (M) 3.7-3.8 kb and large segment (L) 6.5-6.6 kb in size. Hanta viruses are of great significance in causing zoonotic diseases such … [Read more...] about Hantaviruses: Here is what we need to know to avoid infections
Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has become a major threat to the world and has become a fatal disease in humans. Disease caused by a new coronavirus called "2019-nCoV" is named Coronavirus disease 2019 and abbreviated as "COVID-19". It is a respiratory disease caused by a novel (new) coronavirus that was first detected in China and has now been detected in almost 70 locations … [Read more...] about The 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV): A New Threat to the World
The interaction between humans and animals is well-known and has been established for a long time. It is manifested in the form of housing animals for food purposes and as pets as well. The “pet birds” are either wild or exotic ones having a high hereditary value which are housed under confinement as friends or for ornamental purposes. Pet birds should be housed under standard … [Read more...] about Pet Birds and Zoonotic Diseases: Strategies to Control Humans Infections
Introduction to foot-and-mouth disease Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is an infectious, highly contagious and acute disease of cloven-hoofed animals that include cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and around 70 species of wild animals . FMD is currently endemic in Pakistan  and it is the most prevalent and economically the deadliest infectious disease of cattle and buffaloes … [Read more...] about Progressive Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease in Pakistan