Every year more than 21 million people across the world undergo routine surgery and receive general anesthesia. Normally, during the operation, the patient sleep without feeling pain. However, also every year about 30,000 patients suddenly regain consciousness on the operating table. The complex condition in which the patient regains consciousness after the administration of … [Read more...] about Anesthesia awareness: here is what you need to know about it
Every research institute and the health care system in the world is currently looking to find the most appropriate and effective treatment and vaccine for COVID-19. The new coronavirus infection has infected millions across the globe and put billions of people at risk. The key to treatment may be lying with a llama with the right antibodies. A llama is a domesticated … [Read more...] about Are Llama Antibodies Key to Finding a COVID-19 Treatment?
The BCG or Bacilli Calmette-Guerin vaccine is used against tuberculosis disease. Different types of studies show that the incidence rate of COVID-19 is low in countries with routine BCG vaccination programs implemented. The research also shows that the persons who had been vaccinated with BCG in childhood show less chance of COVID-19. The prominent evidence is less death … [Read more...] about Is BCG vaccine a game-changer against COVID-19 in Pakistan?
Since December 2019 a case of unidentified pneumonia was reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, Peoples Republic of China, which resembles those of viral pneumonia. There are four types of Coronavirus: α-coronavirus (α-COV), β-coronavirus (β-COV), δ-coronavirus (δ-COV), ϒ-coronavirus (ϒ-COV). Previously six coronaviruses cause disease in human beings. After SARS-COV and MERS-COV, … [Read more...] about COVID-19: An insight into the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2
Image source: CDC Commercially available soaps and detergents can destroy the bird flu virus, and possibly the COVID-19 causing novel coronavirus as well. Previous research in Pakistan has reported that commonly used soap (Lifebuoy) and detergent (Surf Excel) can kill the bird flu virus (H5N1). In this study, published in the 28th March 2009 issue of the Virology … [Read more...] about Soaps and detergents can destroy bird flu and novel coronaviruses
Scientists at Australian Monash University have found that a commonly used antiparasitic drug, Ivermectin, can stop the COVID-19 causing virus, SARS-CoV-2, replication in human cell cultures in the laboratory. The drug killed the virus particles within two days and the scientists are expected to start the human trials in a month. As of April 5, 2020, the novel coronavirus … [Read more...] about Anti-parasitic drug Ivermectin could be the drug of choice against COVID-19
Cats and dogs are prone to Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), but not so much. According to scientists, it is still unsure if pets can spread the virus to people, so owners are suggested not to panic so far. As claimed by the Chinese researchers, cats are more vulnerable to COVID-19 than dogs and can impart it to the other cats but still, no evidence can explain that pets can … [Read more...] about Can pets spread coronavirus? A panic among pets’ owners
The whole-genome sequencing of two Pakistani novel coronaviruses (2019-nCoV) has revealed almost contrasting genomic features to each other when compared with the Chinese coronavirus reference sequence. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) isolate Wuhan-Hu-1, with accession number MN908947, was the first complete genome submitted to the NCBI … [Read more...] about Pakistani novel coronaviruses possess contrasting genomic features
There is plenty of literature and electronic resources available on the treatment options of COVID-19. Here we are summarizing this information for the general public awareness. This can be used for our families, neighbors, relatives, and friends. Special care is required as COVID-19 has explosive spread potential. China has learned how to deal with and lifted the lockdown. … [Read more...] about Treatment and preventive approaches to combat coronavirus disease in Pakistan
The bovine tuberculosis is a disease which is caused by the bacteria known as Mycobacterium bovis. It usually affects animals such as cattle, buffalo, and many other mammals causing illness, coughing, and even death. It can affect lungs, lymph nodes and many other parts of the body. Mainly its transmission occurs from animals to humans and also to the other animals. M. … [Read more...] about Bovine and zoonotic tuberculosis – a major health concern for animals and humans
A novel coronavirus called 2019-nCoV is a new strain of coronaviruses. The disease caused by the new coronavirus, first identified in Wuhan province of China, has been named as COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019). The virus that causes COVID-19 is also known as SARS-COV-2. The COVID-19 virus belongs to a family of viruses that cause Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome … [Read more...] about Few treatment options for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Novel coronavirus, a member of the family Coronaviridae, is named so because of spikes on the outer surface of the virus. These are 65 to 125 nm in diameter, posses single-stranded genomic RNA material, and have 26 to 32 kbp genomic size. The disease caused by the novel coronavirus, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is a highly communicable and pathogenic viral … [Read more...] about What is COVID-19? How can we win against it?
Hantaviruses are members of the order Bunyavirales and family Hantaviridae. These are tri-segmented, enveloped, and negative-sense RNA viruses that contain spike glycoproteins Gn and Gc. Small genome segment (S) is 1.8-2.1 kb, medium segment (M) 3.7-3.8 kb and large segment (L) 6.5-6.6 kb in size. Hanta viruses are of great significance in causing zoonotic diseases such … [Read more...] about Hantaviruses: Here is what we need to know to avoid infections
Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral infection. The virus which is responsible for dengue is known as dengue virus, abbreviated as DENV. Mainly, it has four types as DENV 1, 2, 3, and 4. Some dengue infections can cause mild illness but occasionally these infections may transform into lethal ones known as severe dengue. About 50 % of the population of the world is at … [Read more...] about Dengue fever – An ongoing global threat
What is lignocaine? Lignocaine is available in various names specially Xylocaine (N-(2,6-dimethyl phenyl)-N2,N2-diethylglycinamide) It is widely used as an amide local anesthetic agent, as well as Cardiac Dysrhythmic Medication. Where injected, it has the ability to numb or sensitize the area or tissue. Have many uses in veterinary including Cardiac problems … [Read more...] about The Beneficial Use of Lignocaine in Animals During Rectal Palpation
Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has become a major threat to the world and has become a fatal disease in humans. Disease caused by a new coronavirus called "2019-nCoV" is named Coronavirus disease 2019 and abbreviated as "COVID-19". It is a respiratory disease caused by a novel (new) coronavirus that was first detected in China and has now been detected in almost 70 locations … [Read more...] about The 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV): A New Threat to the World
The horse is a wonderful creation of Allah. It is a very faithful and noble animal. It is a very strong animal and runs very fast. Its beauty and strength make it very famous. It shows great trust for its master. The slim and strong legs of the horse make it run many miles without any brake. The Equus caballus is its scientific name. This article describes the interesting … [Read more...] about Interesting facts about horses that you may want to know